Bunions, also known as hallux valgus, bunions are a condition of the big toe, in which the toe deviates inward and a bump develops on the inside of the big toe over the metatarsal bone. Bunions are commonly hereditary but are aggravated by shoe wear, especially narrow-toed, high heeled shoes. This condition is more common in women, and very rarely in those who don’t wear shoes. Bunions may become painful as the bump worsens and an extra bone or fluid-filled sac develops at the base of the big toe.
Some signs or symptoms to be aware of include:
- red, calloused skin along inside edge of big toe
- bony bump
- pain at the joint especially with pressure from shoes
- big toe turned towards other toes
Treatment of a bunion can depend on how uncomfortable it is. When a bunion first appears its important to take care of your feet. Some first measures to take include:
- wearing wide toed shoes
- wear foam or felt pads on your foot to protect the bunion
- wear spacers to separate the first or second toes
- try cutting a hole in a pair of home comfy shoes to wear around the house
If the bunion gets worse, surgery may be the next option. Surgery can help relieve symptoms of pain, but it is important to continue wear comfortable fitting shoes, and not narrow, poor fitting shoes. Physical therapy after a bunionectomy (surgery) can be very beneficial as well. Physical therapy helps to provide increase range of motion within the metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe and increase weight bearing to maintain activities of daily living. Therapy also works on reducing the swelling that may occur as well as uses scar tissue massage, mobilization, proprioceptive training for the lower leg, strengthening, and gait training to help any patient reach within their normal limits.
We treat bunions or bunionectomies in the 34711 area!